Common Law Liens

Requires nonconsensual common law liens to designate whether they
are directed at a public officer or employee.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                H.B. NO.           
TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2000                                
STATE OF HAWAII                                            

                   A  BILL  FOR  AN  ACT



 1      SECTION 1.  Section 507D-5, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
 2 amended to read as follows:
 3      "[[]507D-5[]]  Liens against public officers and employees.
 4 (a)  Any claim of lien against a federal, state, or county
 5 officer or employee based on the performance or nonperformance of
 6 that officer's or employee's duties shall designate in the
 7 pleading header that the claim is directed to a federal, state,
 8 or county office or employee, and shall be invalid unless
 9 accompanied by a [specific] certified order from a state or
10 federal court of competent jurisdiction authorizing the filing of
11 such lien [or unless a specific statute authorizes the filing of
12 such lien].
13      (b)  The registrar shall not accept for filing a claim for
14 nonconsensual common law lien unless the claim is accompanied by
15 a certified state or federal court order authorizing the filing
16 of the lien."
17      SECTION 2.  Section 507D-7, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is
18 amended to read as follows:
19      "507D-7 Expungement of invalid lien; penalties; sanctions



Page 2                                                     2649
                                     H.B. NO.           

 1 for frivolous filings.(a)  If the circuit court finds the
 2 purported lien invalid, it shall order the registrar to expunge
 3 the instrument purporting to create it, and order the lien
 4 claimant to pay actual damages, costs of suit, and reasonable
 5 attorneys' fees.  This order shall be presented to the registrar
 6 for recordation and shall have the effect of voiding the lien
 7 from its inception.  If the circuit court finds the purported
 8 lien is frivolous, the prevailing party in any action brought
 9 under section 507D-4 shall be awarded costs of suit, reasonable
10 attorneys' fees, and either actual damages or $5,000, whichever
11 is greater.  The foregoing award shall be made in the form of a
12 joint and several judgment issued in favor of the prevailing
13 party and against each lien claimant and also against each person
14 who owns or controls the activities of the lien claimant if the
15 lien claimant is not a natural person.
16      (b)  If the circuit court finds the purported lien is
17 frivolous, upon application of a party in interest, the
18 registrar, or the government counsel representing the government
19 officer or employee affected by the purported lien, the court may
20 also issue appropriate injunctive relief against the lien
21 claimant to preclude further filings of any kind with the
22 registrar for a period of five years, unless that person obtains
23 leave of court to file another instrument with the registrar.

Page 3                                                     2649
                                     H.B. NO.           

 1 The order shall be enforced in the manner for enforcement of
 2 injunctions.  This order may be presented to the registrar for
 3 recordation.  Proceedings under this subsection shall not
 4 preclude a person from proceeding under subsection (a) or section
 5 507D-4 and recovering damages, penalties, costs, and attorneys'
 6 fees.
 7      (c)  Any person who knowingly and intentionally submits an
 8 invalid court order in support of a nonconsensual common law lien
 9 against a federal, state, or county officer or employee to the
10 registrar for filing, shall be guilty of the crime of tampering
11 with a government record and subject to the same penalties
12 provided against persons convicted under section 710-1017.
13      [(c)] (d)  Nothing in this chapter shall inhibit or preclude
14 any party in interest from seeking any other common law,
15 statutory, or other equitable remedy."
16      SECTION 3.  This Act does not affect rights and duties that
17 matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were
18 begun, before its effective date.
19      SECTION 4.  Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed.
20 New statutory material is underscored.
21      SECTION 5.  This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
23                              INTRODUCED BY:______________________