HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TWENTY-SEVENTH LEGISLATURE, 2014
STATE OF HAWAII
A BILL FOR AN ACT
Relating to employment practices.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:
SECTION 1. Section 378-71, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new definition to be appropriately inserted and to read as follows:
""Domestic or sexual violence victim" or "victim" means an individual who is the victim of domestic or sexual violence."
SECTION 2. Section 378-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
"§378-2 Discriminatory practices made
unlawful; offenses defined. [
(a)] It shall be an unlawful
(1) Because of race, sex including
gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, age, religion, color,
ancestry, disability, marital status, arrest and court record, or domestic or
sexual violence victim status if the domestic or
sexual violence victim [
provides notice to the victim's employer of such
status or the employer has actual knowledge of such status:] provides the
employer with a copy of a temporary restraining order or a protective order
issued by a court that stipulates protections afforded the victim, unless the
employer reasonably believes that the restrained person could endanger other
(A) For any employer to refuse to hire or employ or to bar or discharge from employment, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual in compensation or in the terms, conditions, or privileges of employment;
(B) For any employment agency to fail or refuse to refer for employment, or to classify or otherwise to discriminate against, any individual;
(C) For any employer or employment agency to print, circulate, or cause to be printed or circulated any statement, advertisement, or publication or to use any form of application for employment or to make any inquiry in connection with prospective employment, that expresses, directly or indirectly, any limitation, specification, or discrimination;
(D) For any labor organization to exclude or expel from its membership any individual or to discriminate in any way against any of its members, employer, or employees; or
(E) For any employer or labor organization to refuse to enter into an apprenticeship agreement as defined in section 372-2; provided that no apprentice shall be younger than sixteen years of age;
(2) For any employer, labor organization, or employment agency to discharge, expel, or otherwise discriminate against any individual because the individual has opposed any practice forbidden by this part or has filed a complaint, testified, or assisted in any proceeding respecting the discriminatory practices prohibited under this part;
(3) For any person, whether an employer, employee, or not, to aid, abet, incite, compel, or coerce the doing of any of the discriminatory practices forbidden by this part, or to attempt to do so;
(4) For any employer to violate the provisions of section 121-43 relating to nonforfeiture for absence by members of the national guard;
(5) For any employer to refuse to hire or employ or to bar or discharge from employment any individual because of assignment of income for the purpose of satisfying the individual's child support obligations as provided for under section 571-52;
(6) For any employer, labor organization, or employment agency to exclude or otherwise deny equal jobs or benefits to a qualified individual because of the known disability of an individual with whom the qualified individual is known to have a relationship or association;
(7) For any employer or labor organization to refuse to hire or employ, bar or discharge from employment, withhold pay from, demote, or penalize a lactating employee because the employee breastfeeds or expresses milk at the workplace. For purposes of this paragraph, the term "breastfeeds" means the feeding of a child directly from the breast;
(8) For any employer to refuse to hire or employ, bar or discharge from employment, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual in compensation or in the terms, conditions, or privileges of employment of any individual because of the individual's credit history or credit report, unless the information in the individual's credit history or credit report directly relates to a bona fide occupational qualification under section 378-3(2); or
(9) For any employer to discriminate against any individual employed as a domestic, in compensation or in terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because of the individual's race, sex including gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, age, religion, color, ancestry, disability, or marital status.
purposes of subsection (a)(1): (1) An employer may verify that an
employee is a victim of domestic or sexual violence by requesting that the employee
provide: (A) A signed written statement from
a person listed below from whom the employee or the employee's minor
child has sought assistance in relation to the domestic or sexual violence: (i) An employee, agent, or volunteer
of a victim services organization; (ii) The employee's attorney or
advocate; (iii) The attorney or advocate
of the employee's minor child; (iv) A medical or other health care
professional; or (v) A member of the clergy; or (B) A police or court record supporting
the occurrence of the domestic or sexual violence; and (2) An employer may verify an employee's
status as a domestic or sexual violence victim not more than once every six
months following the date the employer: (A) Was provided notice by the
employee of the employee's status as a domestic or sexual violence victim; (B) Has actual knowledge of the
employee's status as a domestic or sexual violence victim; or (C) Received verification that the
employee is a domestic or sexual violence victim; provided
that where the employee provides verification in the form of a protective order
related to the domestic or sexual violence with an expiration date, the
employer may not request any further form of verification of the employee's
status as a domestic or sexual violence victim until the date of the expiration
or any extensions of the protective order, whichever is later.]"
SECTION 3. Section 378-81, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended to read as follows:
Reasonable accommodations. [ [(a)]] An employer shall make
reasonable accommodations in the workplace for an employee who is a victim of
domestic or sexual violence, including:
(1) Changing the contact information,
such as telephone numbers, fax numbers, or electronic-mail addresses, of the
employee; (2) Screening the telephone calls of the
employee; (3) Restructuring the job functions of
the employee; (4) Changing the work location of the
employee; (5) Installing locks and other security
devices; and (6) Allowing the employee to work
flexible hours; provided that an employer shall not be required
to make the reasonable accommodations if they cause undue hardship on the work
operations of the employer. (b) Prior to making the reasonable
accommodations under this section, an employer may verify that an employee is a
victim of domestic or sexual violence as provided in section 378-2(b). (c) As used in this section, "undue
hardship" means an action requiring significant difficulty or expense on
the operation of an employer, when considered in light of the following
factors: (1) The nature and cost of the reasonable
accommodation needed under this section; (2) The overall financial resources of
the employer; the number of employees of the employer; and the number, type,
and placement of the work locations of an employer; and (3) The type of operation of the
employer, including the composition, structure, and functions of the workforce
of the employer, the geographic separateness of the victim's work location
from the employer, and the administrative or fiscal relationship of the work
location to the employer.]
(1) Upon receipt of the victim’s temporary restraining order or protective order, the employer shall post a copy of the temporary restraining order or protective order at the victim’s workplace and make all necessary personnel aware of the protections afforded the victim by the temporary restraining order or protective order; and
(2) If the person to whom the order is issued against comes to the victim's workplace and thereby violates provisions of the temporary restraining order or protective order, the employer or its employees shall contact the police immediately to inform them that one or more provisions of the temporary restraining order or protective order has been violated."
SECTION 4. Section 378-82, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is repealed.
[§378-82] Civil actions.
Any employee denied reasonable accommodations by an employer in violation of
this subpart may file a civil action against the employer to enforce this subpart
and recover costs, including reasonable attorney's fees, incurred in the civil
SECTION 5. This Act does not affect rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun before its effective date.
SECTION 6. Statutory material to be repealed is bracketed and stricken. New statutory material is underscored.
SECTION 7. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Employment Practices; Domestic Violence
Defines "domestic or sexual violence victim" or "victim" to mean an individual who is the victim of domestic or sexual violence. Prohibits employer from discriminating based on domestic or sexual violence if the victim provides employer with a copy of the TRO or protective order, unless the employer reasonably believes that the restrained person could endanger other employees. Removes employers' liability for not making reasonable accommodations for an employee who is a victim of domestic or sexual violence.
The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.